Step-by-step Metal Furniture Manufacturing Process

Metal Furniture Manufacturing Process

Probably, you want to start a metal furniture manufacturing project.

Or, you want to import metal furniture from China.

Whichever the case, understanding the metal furniture manufacturing process will help you plan and estimate the production cost.

In this guide, you are going to learn everything about the metal furniture production process.

Step 1: Design Concept for the Furniture


Every year we have new metal furniture designs and styles in the market. For instance, if you visit China furniture market, you will find thousands of metal furniture designs.

Thanks to the creativity and innovative metal furniture manufacturers in China.

But, how is this possible?

· Start with Concept Design for Metal Furniture

Outdoor Metal Furniture
Outdoor Metal Furniture

It is at this stage that you will start to produce metal furniture. You will convert ideas into tangible designs. You can design metal furniture concepts.

Some manufacturers use furniture 3D model designs. In fact, 3D printing metal furniture is becoming popular among many manufacturers.

But most importantly, by the end of the process, you should have a technical drawing or sketch of the furniture. It forms a fundamental component when manufacturing metal furniture.

But why is this stage critical?

  • You will know the number of parts for the metal furniture
  • Identify the correct dimensions for each part
  • It helps estimate metal furniture production cost
  • You will have a technical drawing for the furniture, for subsequent production processes
  • It helps in identifying and assembling metal furniture manufacturing tools
  • Customers have the opportunity to review and approve the design

Remember, metal furniture design can be the most difficult process. Thanks to most furniture manufacturers in China. They will help you design metal furniture for free.


At times, coming up with your unique designs can be a challenging task. You can try and check:

  • Furniture market online markets such as Alibaba
  • Do a random search on Google, and maybe use search terms such as “trending furniture design + year”. Then go straight to images. Of course, you should be creative enough to modify some of these designs.
  • Other websites such as com will give you some good metal furniture design ideas.
Metal Furniture Design Ideas on Pinterest
Metal Furniture Design Ideas on Pinterest

Remember, you can get a good wood furniture design and convert it to metal furniture during the production process. With this, you can actually get the best metal furniture designs.

Some metal furniture types may include:

  • Metallic TV stands or consoles
  • Metal coffee tables, and dining tables
  • Metal chairs including dining sets, barstools, living room chairs, park benches, couches,
  • Metal shelves, wardrobes, dressers, nightstands, etc.

By the end of this process, you should have all the necessary specifications for your furniture such as:

  • Size
  • Finishing
  • Purpose/uses
  • Material type
  • Design, etc.

Step 2: Estimate the Cost of Metal Furniture Manufacturing Process

Cost is an integral aspect of the metal furniture manufacturing process. As part of the metal furniture production process, estimating cost in the early manufacturing stage is critical.

It will help you evaluate the feasibility of the furniture manufacturing stages. Among the key components of cost include:

  • Design cost – although some manufacturers will charge you for the designs, most Chinese furniture manufacturers offer free design services.
  • Cost of metal furniture material – metal prices vary depending on the availability of various material elements. For instance, the cost of aluminum is not the same as that of stainless steel or copper.
  • Finishing cost – metal furniture may require varying finishing operations ranging from powder coating, galvanization, or painting. Under such circumstances, expect the prices to vary.
  • Upholstery cost – the cost varies depending on the quality and design or even metal furniture size.

Other variables such as metal furniture manufacturing technology, taxes, availability of raw materials, or other logistics costs may affect the overall metal furniture price.

However, a good metal furniture manufacturer will calculate all these costs. They will help you get reasonable quotations.

Step 3: Choose Suitable Metal Furniture Material

As you choose metal supplies used in furniture, you must know the basic features, benefits, and limitations. You should consider all vital properties including:

Material Property Property and Benefits
Mechanical property · The focus is on the overall strength of the material for furniture. Can the furniture support the intended weight and how durable is the material?

· Among the key variables, you should consider include tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, hardness, etc.

· Furniture manufacturing requires materials that are strong (in most cases) and easy to fabricate or cast

Physical property · It refers to the general appearance of the metal. For instance, bronze is metallic brown while aluminum is silvery-white

· Other physical properties include density, weight, thermal conductivity, electrical resistivity, and elastic modulus, amongst others

Chemical property · Ideally, this refers to how the metal reacts to the prevailing environmental conditions.

· It is important to evaluate the chemical composition of the metal. Remember, the composition will determine whether the metal is suitable for a specific application or not.

· Corrosion, heat, acid, salty water, and alkali or chemical resistance are other key variables you must evaluate.


Moreover how making metal furniture involves many fabrication techniques and processes. Therefore, it is prudent to evaluate the metals’ formability and fabrication properties.

Even as you choose material for the production of metal furniture, you should consider the following properties:

  • Welding and brazing properties – it may include TIG welding, MID welding, etc.
  • Machining properties – operations include milling, drilling, turning, etc.
  • Heat treatment – they may include hardening, tempering, etc.
  • Formability properties – including bending, cutting, joining, etc.

You should choose a material that will make it easier to perform various machining and forming operations.

When it comes to manufacturing metal furniture, there are hundreds of materials available. However, some popular options include:

Metal Bench
Metal Bench
Metal for Furniture Manufacturing Material Properties
Aluminum alloys · Durable material

· Corrosion resistant

· Light-weight

· Resistant to most weather conditions

· Available in many alloy options, hence you can choose suitable grades for specific furniture requirements

· Aluminum is suitable for lightweight furniture making it a perfect choice for office and outdoor furniture

Stainless steel · The stainless steel furniture manufacturing process is easier since the grades have good weldability and formability

· Material is rust and corrosion resistant

· Easy to clean and sterilize

·  Available in many grades hence you can choose the perfect material for the requirements of your unique application

· Suitable for kitchen, and hospital furniture

Wrought iron ·  Material is susceptible to rusting and hence requires surface treatment

· Durable hence can last for many years

· Relatively heavier than aluminum hence best for furniture that does not require frequent movement

· Perfect choice for most outdoor furniture

Brass · Corrosion resistant

· Anti-microbial

· Best for making antique furniture

Gold ·  It is a transition metal

·  Metal furniture coated with gold is expensive and prestigious


In short, there are many metals you can use to make furniture or certain parts. You can choose zinc, cast iron, wrought iron, copper, or titanium. However, before choosing any material for manufacturing furniture, know its main properties.

Again, metal for furniture manufacturing may exist in different forms such as:

  • Sheet metal
  • Metal rods
  • Metal tubes
  • Hollow metals
  • Solid metal

Of course, this is alongside various metal profiles depending on your unique furniture requirements.

Additionally, other materials such as fabric, plastic, leather, or reeds also form part of metal furniture. You will find metal furniture has other materials too.

That is;

  • Metal furniture with wood and leather
  • Metal furniture with plastic

The types of materials to use will depend on your metal furniture design.

Step 4: Metal Furniture Production Process


Once you have all material and technical drawings, the main focus will be how to make metal furniture. The manufacturing processes vary broadly depending on the specific furniture design you wish to make.

For example, simple metal furniture may require basic steps such as cutting, welding, and applying a surface finish. On the other hand, a complex design may require cutting, bending, engraving, punching, and welding processes.

Another example;

Manufacturing sheet metal furniture will require different processes, unlike making furniture with rods or solid metal.

It is for this reason that you should work with competent and qualified metal furniture manufacturers. They will choose appropriate tools and techniques when producing metal furniture.

For the scope of this guide, we shall focus on the main metal furniture production processes.

Step No. Furniture Manufacturing Technique Specific Manufacturing Techniques and Procedures
1. Cutting metal · Laser-cutting metal parts

· Plasma-cutting metal parts

·  Waterjet cutting metal parts

· Cutting metal parts with a saw

· Punching metal sections

· Drilling metal

· Milling metal sections

·  Grinding metal parts

2. Forming metal · Bending metal parts –  it includes bending sheet metal, bending metal rods and tubes

· Stretch-forming sheet metal for furniture

· Press brake forming

· Spinning metal parts

· Rolling metal parts

· Pressing metal section

3. Assembly process · Joining parts using bolts and nuts

· Using rivets to join metal parts

· Bonding metal furniture sections

· Welding metal parts to make complete furniture where you can use, brazing, MIG, or TIG welding

4. Apply surface finish ·  After fabricating furniture metal sections, you will apply surface finishing which may include anodizing, painting, electroplating, solvent-based painting, plating, or powder coating.

· With furniture made from metal, you can adopt a range of surface finishing options. It can be either for decorative purposes or to enhance durability.

5. Other production processes ·  It may involve adding fabric or leather to the metal furniture structure

· Others may require DMF or plastic material.

· Consequently, you may require a different manufacturing process such as fusing, or riveting

6. Quality inspection · Quality inspection ad evaluation should be a continuous process.

· Start by inspecting the quality of raw materials

· Check quality during the manufacturing process

·  Verify the quality of the final metal furniture. The quality tests may range from stress testing, evaluating surface finish, corrosion resistance testing, etc.


Note: For dimensional accuracy, tight tolerance, and high-quality finish metal furniture manufacturers use CNC machines. Of course, this includes other advanced techniques to produce metal furniture.

Again, the furniture manufacturing process may involve:

Metal Fabrication for Making Furniture


That is, you will make complete metal furniture by manipulating different parts. You can cut, bend and bend metal furniture parts.

You will then assemble the final section to make the type of furniture you want.

Casting Metal Furniture

Casted Aluminum Furniture
Casted Aluminum Furniture

There are special metal furniture designs that may require a casting process. Today, metal furniture manufacturing companies use varying techniques to cast various metal furniture parts.

Some casting techniques in metal furniture manufacturing include:

  • Die casting metal furniture partsit is suitable for large production runs
  • Sand casting – you can use this technique for both small and large production runs.
  • Investment casting – it is s a perfect choice for small production runs

In short, you will adopt a suitable manufacturing process for metal furniture.

At times, assembling all parts to make a full piece of furniture is not a requirement.

In fact, assembling the furniture within the factory may make shipping expensive. Remember, some fully assembled furniture will require more shipping space, hence extra additional costs.

The furniture can be assembled on-site. However, the metal furniture manufacturer must provide assembly instructions.


As you can see, the metal furniture manufacturing process involves design work, choosing the right material, selecting a suitable production technique, the actual manufacturing process, and quality inspection.

The processes may vary depending on the metal furniture design.

For all your OEM metal furniture manufacturer in China, Dongrong offers a cost-effective, high-quality, and reliable solution – contact us now.

More Resources:

Metal Furniture Manufacturing – Source: CIFF

Fabricating Metal for Furniture – Source: Furniture Link

Metal in Furniture – Source: Quratory

Metal Furniture – Source: Wikipedia




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